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Too little sleep may lead to diabetes

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea have higher risk for diabetes, as lack of sleep leads to obesity and insulin resistance.

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Latest study confirmed that patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an increased risk of developing diabetes.

Lack of sleep leads to obesity and insulin resistance

Sleep deprivation decreases the level of leptin, a hormone responsible for satiety and increases the level of ghrelin, a hormone reponsible for hunger, which results in gaining weight. Sleep loss, due to the release of stress hormones such as cortisol or norepinephrine, also impairs the ability of fat cells to respond to insulin hormone, responsible for controlling glucose (sugar). As a result, blood sugar increases, which can lead to type 2 diabtes and left untreated it can harm the eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.

15-30% of patients with OSA have type 2 diabetes mellitus

There is a high prevalence of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. An even higher prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea is documented in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.

OSA: a common but often undiagnosed syndrome

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by repeated upper airway occlusions during sleep which result in sleep fragmentation and hypoxia.

OSA symptoms: 

-          extreme snoring 

-          drowning nightmares

-          daytime sleepiness

-          morning headaches

-          mental deficits

-          erectile dysfunction

-          resistant hypertension

-          stroke

-          rhythm disturbances

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is independently associated with several cardiovascular and cardiometabolic risk factors. Approximately 10-17 percent of men and 3-9 percent of women between ages 30 and 70 are affected, but middle-aged, obese males with central fat distribution are at the highest risk.

Diabetes and sleep disturbances often go hand in hand. Diabetes can cause sleep loss – because your body try to get rid of excessed blood sugar by urinating -, and there is an evidence already, that not sleeping well can increase your risk of developing diabetes as well.

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